authority of God
2) authority of the Father
You alone are the
Lord. You made the heavens, even the highest heavens, and all their starry
host, the earth and all that is on it, the seas and all that is in them.
You give life to everything, and the multitudes of heaven worship you.
God the Father: the source of authority.
For the Lord is
our judge, the Lord is our lawgiver, the Lord is our king; it is he who
will save us.
God, or God the Father,
is the source of divine authority by reason of his position over us in terms
of power and perfection. Although the person of God the Father is not as
clearly distinguished in the Old Testament as in the New (Deut. 32:6, Psa.
2:7, Isa. 9:6), three distinctions of his authority can be found
in the above quotation of Isaiah; each accentuating God's superior position.
In this passage, God is described as holding three different offices representing
three unique positions of authority.
First, consider the words "the Lord is our king". The word
king reflects the position of a ruler; of a sole monarch to whom allegiance
is expected. Thus the office of king conveys the presence of singular authority.
Isaiah confirms this in recording,
Remember the former
things, those of long ago; I am God, and there is no other; I am God,
and there is none like me. (Isaiah 46:9 NIV).
Paul likewise reflects
in the New Testament:
One God and Father
of all, who is over all and through all and in all. (Eph. 4:6 NASB).
Throughout the Bible,
God is always presented as ruling with kingly authority.
How can we know when we are living under God's kingly rule? By his kindness
he has allowed us to know what those rules are, for, second, "the
Lord is our lawgiver". The
office of lawgiver denotes the announcement of God's authority. God has
announced his authority over mankind by giving us laws and commands which
exemplify his character. These laws and commands he intends for us to learn
See, I am setting
before you today a blessing and a curse - the blessing if you obey the
commands of the Lord your God that I am giving you today; the curse if
you disobey the commands of the Lord your God... (Deut. 11:26-28a
Third, the office of judge, "the Lord is our judge",
reminds us of the enforcement of God's authority. God must judge because
without judgment there is no authority. God's judgment will be impartial:
Since you call
on a Father who judges each man's work impartially, live your lives as
strangers here in reverent fear. (1 Peter 1:17 NIV)
And his judgments will
be everlasting, never to be reversed:
name is found written in the book - will be delivered. Multitudes who
sleep in the dust of the earth will awake: some to everlasting life, others
to shame and everlasting contempt. (Daniel 12:1b-2 NIV)
NEXT: The authority of God - part
The authority of the Bible
Biblical authority and humanity
Conclusion: A story of the S.S.