authority of God
3) authority of the Spirit
You alone are the
Lord. You made the heavens, even the highest heavens, and all their starry
host, the earth and all that is on it, the seas and all that is in them.
You give life to everything, and the multitudes of heaven worship you.
God the Spirit: the messenger of authority.
The Holy Spirit is
the person of the Godhead through whom God chiefly interacts with mankind.
The Spirit indwells believers so that they may become empowered for service
and godly actions. The Spirit intercedes to help us in our prayers (Rom.
8:26, 27), and is given to us at our rebirth as a guarantee of our inheritance
of eternal life (Eph. 1:13,14).
In terms of authority,
the most important aspects of God's Spirit are the Spirit's ministry of
revealing God to us (Eph. 1:17), and giving glory to and testifying about
the Son (John 15:26, 16:14). The Spirit compels, warns, and gives insight
to the believer in accordance with God's will and to the extent to which
the believer is living in submission to that will. It was the Spirit who
moved men to speak God's words and to permanently record them in the books
and letters of the Bible:
Then the Spirit
of the Lord came upon me, and he told me to say: 'This is what the Lord
says...' (Ezekiel 11:5 NIV, see also Matthew 10:19b, 20, and 2 Peter
Because God's character
is one of perfect and permanent integrity, so his words perfectly and permanently
convey his divine authority. Not only are his words authoritative, but the
Spirit conveyed God's words to the ancient writers in like manner because
the Spirit is, in nature, God.
Notice how the Spirit
as the Creator -
The Spirit of God
has made me; the breath of the Almighty gives me life" (Job 33:4 NIV);
as ever-present -
Where can I go
from your Spirit? Where can I flee from your presence? If I go up to the
heavens, you are there; if I make my bed in the depths, you are there,"
(Psalm 139:7-8 NIV);
and as the Giver
of life -
Flesh gives birth
to flesh, but the Spirit gives birth to spirit" (John 3:6 NIV).
The Spirit is also described
as having made men overseers of the church (Acts 20:28) and as being the
only one to know the thoughts of God (1 Cor. 2:11).
Finally, the Spirit
is not only God in nature, but the Spirit is intimately identified with
the other members of the trinity:
May the grace of
the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the
Holy Spirit be with you all. (2 Cor. 13:14 NIV).
...Who have been
chosen according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through the sanctifying
work of the Spirit, for obedience to Jesus Christ... (1 Peter 1:2a
Therefore go and
make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father
and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. (Matthew 28:19 NIV).
NEXT: The authority of God - part
The authority of the Bible
Biblical authority and humanity
Conclusion: A story of the