THERE A GOD?:
The cosmological argument
can't convince a believer of anything; for their belief is not based on
evidence, it's based on a deep seated need to believe."
commonsense interpretation of the facts suggests that a superintellect
has monkeyed with physics, as well as with chemistry and biology, and
that there are no blind forces worth speaking about in nature."
2.1 Why are things as they are?
Do you ever ponder the
meaning or purpose of your own existence? The undeniable fact that we exist
compels us to ask "Why?"
why does anything exist at all?
To discover why we exist
individually, a good starting point is to look at the universe itself, of
which we are but a miniscule part. The universe was here a long time before
we were born, so the quest to understand why or how it came into existence
must begin at the beginning; the origin of the universe.
There are essentially
only two possibilities for the existence of the universe. Either...
- the universe has
always existed (is of infinite age), or
- the universe had
a beginning (is of finite age).
2.2 Did the universe have a beginning?
In 1929, astronomer
Edwin Hubble made an observation leading to the discovery that the universe
is expanding outward, inflating in one sense, in all directions from a single
central point. The first moment of that expansion is what is popularly known
as the big
bang. Subsequent scientific contributions, including Albert Einstein's
discovery of the special relationship between space, time, and matter, led
the 1969 Congress of Astronomers to officially declare that the universe
definitely had a beginning.
by leading astrophysicists like Stephen Hawking and Roger Penrose continue
to validate and enforce that scientific belief. Thus modern scientific observation
of the universe has, at least for now, settled the debate over whether or
not it had a beginning. By all observations, the universe did indeed
have a beginning.
2.3 Everything that begins to exist must have a cause.
Everyone is at least
somewhat familiar with the law of causality. The law of causality basically
says that for every effect there must be a cause. In baseball, for example,
home runs don't just happen, they're caused by a preceding swing of a bat.
The cause precedes the effect. This is the case with all things known to
have had a beginning, even quantum particles. Quantum laws could not have
preceded or originated a universe of which the laws themselves are merely
a resulting property or description.
Without exception, every
single living organism on the earth today came into existence as a result
of first being produced or reproduced. Therefore, as it is agreed among
most astronomers that the universe began to exist, logic dictates there
must have been a cause which preceded the universe; something existing prior
to the universe to cause the universe.
2.4 What caused the universe?
The universe, by definition,
is space, time, and matter. Anything consisting of or limited by space,
time, and matter is itself merely a component part of that natural universe.
So whatever caused the universe could not have consisted of those characteristics
which it subsequently produced. Therefore we reason the causal force
has to be:
- independent of
- independent of
time (eternal), and
- independent of
further suggest that:
- If the cause is
limitless, it exists everywhere.
- If the cause is eternal,
it: (a) never began to exist; (b) can never cease to exist; and (c) is
itself uncaused and self-existent.
- If the cause is immaterial,
it is: (a) not natural, i.e. is supernatural; and (b) not constrained
by any physical law of the caused universe, known or unknown.
Given all these characteristics,
the somewhat ambiguous term "god" is a suitable label to describe
the cause of the universe which we've deduced to be limitless, omnipresent,
eternal, immaterial, supernatural, and omnipotent relative to the known
But this alone does
not quite yet describe the personal, volitional God of the ancient scriptures.
2.5 The God of the Bible is the cause of the universe.
Since every material
effect, including the beginning of the universe, requires a cause, we reason
that there must be an eternally existent uncaused cause from which every
material effect originates. That cause we referred to as "god"
in the above paragraph.
what initiated that cause? In other words, what could have stimulated "God"
to cause the universe?
It is at this point
that a personal, volitional God, such as the God of the Bible, becomes the
ideal solution to the question of what caused the universe.
The only thing that could have prompted an uncaused cause to act before
the universe existed is . . . itself. In other words, the only influence
known to "God" before the universe existed would have been "God".
Now the only things
we know that cause themselves to act, to truly initiate a course of action,
are those things with a will and volition, which implies a mind. And if
something has a mind, then it is considered a living, personal being. Thus
simple reasoning converges upon a preexistent mind; a limitless, eternal,
immaterial, self-existent, living, personal being that willfully initiated
the universe. This is God. This is the God of Scripture.
The description of God
as arrived at by all the reasoning above matches the description of God
as given by Moses, Abraham, David, the Old Testament prophets, and the New
Testament writers. Is
this creator-God of the universe the same God spoken of in the Bible?
I believe all available evidence confirms this to be true. Of course, as
is the point of this site, read on and judge for yourself.
NEXT: God, evidence, and atheists
did the universe come from?
How do science
and the Bible compare?